J&K Tourism Department

       Download Tourist Trade Act here





                                                     GOVERNMENT OF JAMMU & KASHMIR





1. Aims and objectives: The aims & objectives of the scheme for recognition of Adventure Tour Operator (ATO) are to encourage quality standard and service in this category so as to promote adventure tourism in J&K. These Guidelines are open to all bonafide Tour Operators / Applicants to bring them in organized sector.

2. Definition: An Adventure Tour Operator (ATO) is the one who is engaged in activities related to Adventure Tourism in J&K namely, Land based like Mountaineering, Trekking, Hiking , Zip Line, Zorbing, Camping, Skiing , Snowboarding, Heli -skiing or any other , Water sports like Rafting,  Kayaking, Canoeing, Water Zorbing, Paddle Boating, Motor Boat, Jet Ski or any other , Aero sports like Hot Air Balloon , Paragliding , Hang Gliding , Para Sailing etc, and Safaries of various kinds, or any other Adventure Activities. In addition to that he may also make arrangements for transport, accommodation, etc.

3. The application for approval shall be submitted in person to Dy. Director Tourism Registration Jammu / Kashmir or Prescribed Authority/Authorised Officers of  Tourist Resorts having defined Jurisdiction as defined under J&K Tourist Trade Act or Rules or Govt. Order.

4. The Registration as an approved Adventure Tour Operator shall be granted by the Prescribed Authority of Department of Tourism for One year initially, based on the Inspection Report / Recommendations of  Technical Committee.

A) Technical Committee Constituted by Tourism Department  Jammu & Kashmir comprising the following members namely:

i)       Director Tourism Kashmir / Jammu                  - Chairman

ii)     Principal JIM&WS Pahalgam or IISM Gulmarg - Member

iii)   Dy. Director Tourism        Registration             - Member

iv)   Dy. Director Tourism Recreation/Adventure -Member Secretary

v)     Expert(s) from related Adventure Activity – to be nominated by Chairman

Functions of Technical Committee: The Technical Committee shall meet at least after Three months every year. The committee is responsible for the following:-

a.     To inspect and certify the Equipments.

b.     To scrutinize the bio data and certificates of Operators/Guides/Staff of Adventure Tour Operator and recommend the cases for registration to the prescribed authority.

c.      To ensure the operation and guides shall follow safety guidelines.

d.     To identify the new Adventure area and also to fix Carrying capacity of Area for particular activity just to avoid mushrooming.





B)        Establishment of Regulatory committee:

Regulatory Committee Constituted by Tourism Department  Jammu & Kashmir comprising the following below mentioned members shall be responsible for regulating operation and surprise inspections and also ascertain that the rules and guidelines/SOP are being implemented or entrusted with any function assigned by Authorities from time to time. The committee comprising the following members namely:

i)       CEO of the concerned Tourist Destination                  - Chairman

ii)     Assistant Director Tourism / Tourist Officer

of Tourist Destination                                                       - Member Secretary

iii)   Officer In -charge Recreation/Adventure Wing          -Member

iv)   SDPO or SHO Police of the Area/Jurisdiction             - Member

6. The renewal / extension thereafter shall be granted for Two to Three years after Inspection conducted by the Technical Committee on an application made by the Pre-registered ATO along with the requisite fee / documents.


7.The inspection for first approval / renewal shall be conducted by the Technical Committee within a period of thirty working days from the receipt of complete application.

8. The following conditions must be fulfilled by Adventure Tour Operator (ATO) for grant of registration / renewal or extension by Directorate of Tourism Kashmir / Jammu:-

(i)                The application for grant of registration / renewal or extension shall be in the prescribed form and submitted in duplicate along with the required documents.

(ii)              ATO should have a minimum Paid up Capital of Rs. 01.00 lakhs duly supported by the latest Bank Balance Sheet or firm’s Statutory Auditor’s certificate.

(iii)            The minimum office space should be at least 120 sq.ft for Jammu / Srinagar cities and 100 sq.ft for hilly areas. The office should be located in neat and clean surroundings and equipped with telephone, fax and computer etc. There should be sufficient space for reception and easy access to toilets.

(iv)           ATO/qualified staff ( Guide)

ATO should have a minimum of Two qualified staff above 18 years of age, both should have Certification from National or International Adventure  Institutions like JIM&WS Pahalgam, IISM – Gulmarg, NIM-Uttrakhand or any other National/ International Institute. The owner of the firm above 18 years of age would be included as one of the qualified employee, if having Adventure Training Certificates as mentioned above. Either the proprietor or  one of the staff must have 10+2/Graduation as Education qualification.


(v)               The Operator /Agency must clearly indicate its specialization of activities or activity it wishes to pursue as business like Trekking, Water sports, Aero sports,  Safaris etc.

(vi)            The operator must have his/her own Adventure equipment along with accessories required.

(vii)           The field staff (Guides): - must be 10th pass and qualified for the activity or must have minimum of three years of practical experience. The field staff must have an Adventure Training certificate from National or International Adventure  Institutions like JIM&WS Pahalgam, IISM – Gulmarg , NIM- Uttrakhand or any other National Institute.

(viii)        Technically Trained Staff / Field members (Guides) of the company must be qualified in First - Aid / C.P.R by Red Cross or equivalent body or Certificate Course conducted by the Adventure Tour Operators Association of India.

(ix)            The party must sign an undertaking/ affidavit for adherence to sustainable ecological practice and protection of environment in keeping with guidelines for eco-tourism and safety cum security guidelines of Department of Tourism J&K.

(x)              The agency must maintain in its office premises with all the maps and  reference material concerning the particular activities it desires to  pursue as business.

(xi)            The party must have printed brochure or website clearly describing its

i)                   present activities (ii) Its area of operation (iii) its commitment to follow Eco - Tourism guidelines.

ii)                  The firm should clearly indicate the area of specialization in all their promotional and display material.

iii)               ATO should have filed Income Tax Return for the current assessment year.

iv)               Safety guidelines for trekking, mountaineering, Skiing, Water sports, Aero - sports, safaris, and which have to be followed by ATOs have been appended for reference at Annexure (A).

v)                  Insurance: Since Adventure has an in - built risk factor, the Clients / ATOs should be covered by insurance. It covers accidental deaths, loss of limbs and permanent / partial disability.

vi)               Disclaimer: Department of Tourism Govt. of Jammu & Kashmir would not be responsible for any mishap or accident or any claims by clients of the approved ATO.

9. ATO would be required to Pay a non - refundable fee of Rs.500/- (Rupees Five Hundreds only) while applying for the Registration and renewal of the Head Office as well as each Branch Office. The application Form for ATO shall be the same as Form III of TT Rules 1979 i.e. application form for Registration of Travel Agents.

10.  ATO so granted Registration/ Renewal or extension shall be entitled to such incentives and concessions as may be granted by Government of J&K from time to time and shall abide by the terms and conditions of recognition as prescribed from time to time by Department of Tourism Govt. of J&K.

11. In order to carry out operation of Adventure activity for which he is registered, the ATO shall apply before Deputy Director Recreation Kashmir/Jammu  for obtaining Permission in any tourist area.

12. The ATO registered by any designated authority of J&K Tourism is eligible to operate business throughout the State subject to grant of permission from the concerned authority.

13. children below 12 years age shall not be permitted to undertake the following adventure sports and other High risk activities.

a. Rafting.

b. Mountaineering.

c. Solo-paragliding and hang gliding.

d. Solo ATV/Snow Biking.






An Adventure Tour Operator is one who is engaged in activities  related to Adventure Tourism in Jammu and Kashmir, namely, water sports, aero sports, mountaineering and trekking, safaris of various natures, etc. In addition to that he/she may also make arrangements for transport, accommodation etc.




1         Every group of persons taking part in adventure sports must be accompanied by a person designated as a “leader/Guide”.

2         Staff/Guides” must possess appropriate Technical qualification and skills as indicated in relevant chapters of this document.

3         Every person joining a group engaged in adventure sports must receive an introductory training and leaders should be satisfied that they have acquired the skills necessary to participate.

4         Staff/Guides should have a first aid certification and must be competent to impart first aid training in the use of stretchers.

5         Staff/Guides should be familiar with search procedures and should brief all group members in these procedures.

6         All group members must be familiar with the use of radios where these are being used.

7         Staff/Guides should be familiar with helicopter operations, know how to approach a helicopter and procedures for being winched up and down.

8         Staff/Guides should be proficient in the use of maps and compasses in any weather by day or night.

9         Staff/Guides should be satisfied that all members are medically fit to take part in the adventure sports.

10    Staff//Guides should satisfy themselves that equipment to be used meets all the safety norms for each adventure sport; all inspections have been carried out as recommended by the manufacturer and is fit for use.

11    Under no circumstances should the capacity rated by the manufacturer of adventure sports equipment be exceeded, any unauthorized modifications except as additional safety measures be carried out or sub standard material used.

12    Information regarding nature of activity, area of operation, period of activity, possible hazards, persons to be contacted in an emergency and list of members should be given to the concerned safety and rescue committees.

13    Suitable hand held devices with graded distress signal capabilities should be made available to adventure tourist groups at suitable prices when available in India.

14    A qualified Doctor should be available on call.

15    Communication facilities such as Mobile Telephone / Walkie - Talkie etc. should be available.





1.     Application duly filled in.

2.     Two self attested photographs of owner including Photographs of Office and Adventure Equipments.

3.     Undertaking Non- Conviction as per TT Act 1978/82 2011 in original to be attested by First Class Magistrate or Judicial Magistrate.

4.     A copy of PAN Card, GST No. and Income Tax Clearance Certificate for the latest financial year.

5.     Reference letter from Bank on its original letterhead regarding the firm’s bank account with address & telephone numbers including Minimum Balance of RS. 10000.00.

6.     Details of Proprietor & Staff/Guides employed giving names, educational qualification , Technical Qualification in Adventure Sports & experience if any in Tourism / Adventure activities (copies of certificates to be enclosed). The Adventure Tour operator should have a minimum of two qualified staff both of which should have a 10+2/Graduation from recognized Board/University, besides this they should have certificates in Adventure Sports training & First Aid/CPR from National or International Adventure  Institutions like JIM&WS Pahalgam, IISM – Gulmarg , NIM- Uttrakhand or any other National Institute. The owner of the firm would be included as one of the qualified employees.

7.      Details of office premises, whether located in commercial or residential area, office space in sq. ft. (The minimum office space should be 120 (Urban)/100 sq. ft (Rural) with accessibility to toilet and reception area.

8.      PRC/ Adhar Card/ Character Certificate/ of proprietor and each Staff/Guides employed.

9.     Documents duly stamped & attested by the Proprietor / Managing Director of the firm.

Incorporation of Basic Minimum Guidelines in

Tourist Trade Act for

Registration of Adventure Tour Operator/Agency.




Mountaineering is an activity for which Indian Mountaineering Foundation (IMF) through powers vested in it by the Government of India, looks after mountaineering and allied sports in India. All tour operators must keep abreast of the guidelines given by IMF from time to time. These Basic Minimum Standards will apply specifically to commercial expeditions attempting 6000m or other comparable peaks.

 Guides/Instructors/Proprietor of Agency must have

Lead guides and instructors who are leading Mountaineering activities should, as a minimum, hold valid certificates for the following;


a) A minimum 16 hour (2 day) first aid course provided by a recognised and qualified provider.

b) The Advance Mountaineering Course and preferably also Method of Instruction and Search and Rescue from JIM&WS-Pahalgam or any other National Mountaineering Institutes and carry a certificate duly authenticated by an IMF recognized and “have experience of 3 years in assisting mountaineering expeditions at altitudes of 6000m and above and is independently capable of guiding mountaineering groups and carrying out rescue operations”.

c) Maintain a log book containing authenticated records of mountaineering experience.


A)    The correct use and proper maintenance of climbing equipment is essential for conducting mountaineering activities and should be taken very seriously.


B)     Equipment, specially safety equipment should be certified and approved by a national / international body like CE or UIAA or IMF.




            These Basic Minimum Standards will apply specifically to commercial trekking /Camping expeditions in high altitude areas above 1800 mtrs.


Guides/Instructors/ Proprietor of Agency must have


 Lead guides and instructors who are leading trekking activities should either be qualified to lead mountaineering groups OR hold valid certificates the following;

A)  A minimum 16 hour (2 day) first aid course provided by a recognised and qualified provider

B) Completed the Basic Mountaineering Course (BMC) from any of the National Mountaineering Institutes and carry a certificate duly authenticated by a IMF recognized body  or “having experience of 3 years in assisting trekking expeditions at altitudes of 2000 m and above and is independently capable guiding trekking groups and carrying out rescue operations”

C) Maintain a log book containing authenticated records of trekking experience.






            The correct use and proper maintenance of climbing equipment is essential for conducting trekking activities and should never be taken lightly.

 Trekking/Camping equipment such as Tents etc should be appropriate to the terrain in which they are being used.

 All equipment is subject to wear and tear and must be checked before every use. Incorrect storage, use and monitoring of rated and approved equipment is usually the cause of equipment failure. Operators and leaders must have a sound knowledge of this and have systems in place in order to control and manage their equipment.






Rafting is one of the most popular adventure tourism/ water sport activities. It is important for instructors and guides to have good training and equipment as also adhere strictly to the safety guidelines to avoid accidents.


Trained manpower


It is imperative that personnel responsible for conducting rafting activities are skilled to a high level in conducting those activities, rescue and life saving techniques and First Aid / C.P.R.




Lead guides for water sports activities should, as a minimum, hold the following;

I. A minimum 16 hour (2 day) first aid/ CPR certificate provided by a recognised and qualified provider

II. Qualification from a recognized, national or international body or  a certificate from a licensed rafting operator that the individual “has experience of 03 years in assisting in the particular activity. He shall be  independently capable of guiding groups and carrying out rescue operations”

III. A log book containing authenticated records of rafting experience during training.

IV. A WRT course completion certificate with up-to date and current renewals


Equipment for operation of rafting.


Raft without any puncture = 02 No.

 Life jackets or Personal Floatation Devices (PFD's) = 10 No.

Helmets = 10 No. must be worn by all rafters on all sections.

Paddle = 10 No.

Oars preferable wooden = 04 No.

Throw Bag = 02 No.

Flip line = 04 No.

Bow Line = 04 No.

First Aid Kit = 02 No.

Repair Kit = 02 No

Pump = 02 No.

Safety Kayaks must be available (within visual distance) for prompt rescue with personnel duly qualified to operate/ carry out rescue operations.






All owners & operators of Zip Wire and High Ropes Courses should aspire to install and operate their courses to the following European Standard: EN 15567:2007 (Sports and recreational facilities – Ropes courses – Part 1: Construction and safety requirements; Part 2: Operation requirements). What follows is an abridged version of these standards.




It is vital that any guides or instructors involved in high ropes and zip wire courses have the right combination of training and experience to carry out the following tasks:


a) Provide participants with the information required to ensure that the equipment and elements are used correctly

b) Check that participants use the right equipment

c) Assess a participant’s self-sufficiency on a high ropes or zip wire test course

d) Ensure that the operator’s safety instructions are complied with

e) Carry out a mid-span rescue, safely bringing a participant back to the ground within 20minutes; or alert an onsite rescuer if required

f) Provide assistance to participants

g) Provide participants with First Aid, including stretcher evacuation if required

h) Ensure smooth anchor to belay changes when crossing over elements. This is one major cause for accidents.

i) Make sure that activity specific equipment is used e.g. Do not use rafting helmets for ropes courses or rock climbing.




As a basic minimum, all high ropes and zip wire courses should have guides trained to the following level:

a) All guides to be trained in First Aid – basic 8 hour course, provided by a reputable organization

b) All guides to be trained in basic high ropes and / or zip wire operations – in house training, to a standard approved by the ATOAI

c) At least one guide per course, onsite every day the site is operating, to be rescue trained and assessed as capable of conducting a mid-span rescue, safely bringing a participant back to the ground within 20minutes.

d) The manager and/or senior instructor should be trained to a nationally recognized mountaineering Institute up to Basic/Advanced Mountaineering Course,

e) The manager and/or senior instructor to have a minimum of 2 years’ experience as a full-time guide on a high ropes or zip wire course


Equipment – the installation

(i)    Choice of site. The high ropes or zip wire course shall be located in an area of reasonable operating safety; it shall be possible to evacuate participants safely from any part of the course.

(ii)  Materials. Materials shall be fit for purpose. Timber parts shall be designed in such a way that precipitation can drain off freely and water accumulation can be avoided. Metal parts shall be weather-proofed against atmospheric conditions.

(iii)Wire rope. Only galvanized or stainless steel wire ropes shall be used. Terminations around trees and poles shall have a closure angle less than or equal to 60 degrees. Wire rope inspections and discard criteria shall conform to ISO 4309.

(iv)                        Wire rope terminations and grips. All wire rope terminations shall conform to EN 13411 Parts 1-7. The number of wire grips shall depend on the nature and diameter of the wire rope and the types of wire ropes and grips used. It shall not be possible to undo critical components without a tool. Points of attachment on wire ropes may create local fatigue and shall be given special attention during inspections.

(v)  Design and manufacture. High ropes or zip wire courses shall be designed with consideration for the size and body weight of the participants. The dynamic load (generated by a falling participant) shall not exceed 6kN. Installations using self-belay systems made out of steel wire rope shall be calculated using safety factor 3.0 in relation to the ultimate load.

(vi)                        Support system. The support system (artificial and/or natural structure intended for installation of activity and safety systems) shall have the stability and resistance appropriate for the load calculated. In instances where the zip line course transmits loads to the existing structure (e.g. building) care shall be exercised to ensure that the existing structure can bear the loads created by the zip lines. When rocks are used as supporting structures the anchor pull out strength must be at least four times the applied load.

(vii)                      Activity system. The activity system (e.g. landings, platforms, descending devices, zip wires) shall be designed to accommodate the imposed loads. The safety connection between the participant and the zip wire shall be made with the appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE). Wire ropes shall have no exposed broken wire ends within the reach of the participants. If any part of the zip wire and landing area is not visible from the start point a departure regulation system shall be used. Appropriate training and equipment shall be provided if participants are required to brake actively during the descent (e.g. heavy duty gloves); a passive braking system (e.g. gravity, buffer, bungee, net) shall always be in place.

(viii)                    Safety system. The safety system can be collective (e.g. railings, landing mats, belay anchor) or individual (e.g. safety harness & belay to fall arrest device). When participants’ feet are more than 1.0m from the ground, a safety system shall be in place. Systems, in particular with movable trolleys, shall be designed in such a way as to reduce entrapment of body parts or clothing.

(ix)Inspection and maintenance. Before the site is inaugurated a competent body shall certify that the site is in compliance with this standard. The following shall be carried out: a visual inspection, a functional inspection, a design validation, documentation including structural analysis, date and location of inspection, result of inspection and details of any defects detected. The inspection report shall be included in the operations manual of the course.





After inauguration, the equipment and its components should be inspected or maintained as follows:

a)     Routine visual check and physical test of entire installation – before each opening

b)    Operational inspection – in depth check of site, environment and technical components every 1-3 months

c)     Periodical inspection – at least once per year by an ATOAI-approved inspection body, to include: visual inspection, functional inspection, determination of replacement state of worn parts, inspection including manufacturer’s instructions for maintenance


User manual for operators. The manufacturer or installer of a zip line course shall provide a manual containing at least the following information:

a) Technical description of the facility and its individual components,

b) Use of the course & marking,

c) Manufacturers declaration, containing: the basis of static load calculations, normative references, exclusions of liability, if any.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): All participants are required to wear PPE while engaged in high ropes and zip wire course activities. As a minimum, the PPE should include:

a) Rock climbing sit harness

b) Additional chest harness or full body harness where appropriate, e.g. when a sit harness is ill fitting around the waist

c) Two points of attachment (e.g. lanyards & screw gate karabiners) to the safety system

d) Heavy duty gloves (if required for active braking)

e) All PPE to conform to UIAA or EN / CE standards


The fitting of PPE shall be checked by a guide, trained in the inspection of PPE, prior to use. The PPE shall be inspected and controlled as follows:

a) Routine check – before participants use equipment

b) Operational inspection – full check of all PPE every 1-3 months

c) Complete check by an inspector – at least every 12 months; after an exceptional event; after the equipment has been withdrawn from use following a routine check

d) A personal protective equipment inspection register is required for each set of devices, including dates of checks, details on wear and tear, date equipment quarantined or discarded. All exceptional events affecting the equipment, the checks performed as a result of such events and the minimum annual checks shall be entered on the register.



Competence of the inspectors. An inspector of PPE is deemed to be competent if:


a) They hold a advanced national climbing certificate (e.g. mountaineering, climbing); or

b) They have completed a special course run by a competent organization that can certify that the person in question has specific skills in the equipment mentioned; or

c) They can prove that they have at least 24 months experience as a trainee inspector, supervised by a competent inspector.




Adapted from guidelines available on the websites of the European ATV Safety Institute and All-Terrain Vehicle Safety Institute (USA)



ATVs (also known as quad bikes) can be an enjoyable form of outdoor adventure and recreation when operated correctly. However, serious injury can result from the improper use of ATVs. Although similar to cars or motorcycles, ATVs are different to operate and consequently require a different level of instruction and training. These minimum standards are designed to promote safe practice among operators of ATV tours.




Guides supervising participants on ATVs should either have attended a driver training course approved by an National or International ATV institute or have completed an in-house training course, which includes the following syllabus:

a) An introduction to the ATV machine, protective clothing, equipment and pre-

ride inspections

b) Range signals, rules and warm up exercises

c) Controls and starting the engine

d) Starting out, shifting gears and braking

e) Turning

f) Riding strategies / risk awareness

g) Riding circles and figures of eight

h) Quicker turns

i) Sharp turns

j) Quick stops and swerves

k) Quick stop in a turn

l) Riding over obstacles

m) Safe and responsible driving practices

n) U-turns and traversing hills

o) Circuit or Trail rides


In addition, all guides must be familiar with (and assessed on) the operating manual(s) of the ATV(s) which they operate.





Customer Training


ATV operators should always follow the instruction in their Owner’s Manual for recommended operating techniques. All participants of an ATV tour must receive a basic training course before their tour commences. The basic minimum training course will cover the following:

a) To mount and sit on the ATV correctly, locate and operate the controls, and dismount

b) To use the brakes properly to bring ATV to a smooth, safe stop

c) To demonstrate basic turning skills by shifting weight properly to maintain balance and avoid the possibility of losing control of ATV

d) It is very important that all participants pay attention to the instructions provided by their guides.




ATV Machine: ATVs are subject to considerable wear and tear owning to the nature of their use outdoors. Therefore, only use an ATV from a reputable manufacturer and ensure maintenance is undertaken as per operating manual instructions.


Helmet: The single most important piece of protective gear riders must wear is a helmet, which can significantly help prevent serious head injuries.


 Face shield or Goggles: If driving takes place in areas of dense foliage or jungle, a face shield of goggles should be used. In certain conditions, operating without eye protection can result in an accident and increases your chances of a severe eye injury


Gloves: Gloves should be of a quality that will help prevent your hands from getting sore, tired or cold.


Footwear: The minimum protective footwear is a pair of ankle covering shoes or boots with low heels.


Clothing: It is important to protect your skin from scratches. A long sleeved jersey/sweater, shirt or T-shirt and long trousers are requirements for rider protection.

Spares & First Aid: It is recommended that guides carry an appropriate first aid kit and tool kit during an ATV tour.




Ski areas with proper facilities in J&K is only Gulmarg. This region is subject to erratic Himalayan weather patterns. All operators are required to include this information along with weather predictions to the client at the inquiry stage.


Guides and Training

Ski and snowboard instructors

a) The guide or escort with the tourist party must have a advance level MOI certification from IISM Gulmarg or any National or International skiing or snowboarding Institute. In case snowboarding certification is not available then a letter from an Internationally qualified instructor or Director of the Local Ski Institute will suffice.

b) The Tour Operator’s contracts with ski schools specify that all instructors are qualified as above.



The correct use and proper maintenance of SKI & SNOWBOARD equipment is essential for conducting safe skiing and snowboarding activities.

Whenever equipment is hired the tour operator is to ensure that:-

a) Ski equipment is fully serviceable with all components complete and is routinely checked every time it is issued.

b) Only members of staff who are suitably experienced undertake the fitting of equipment. In most cases, only fully qualified technicians will be employed.

c) The bindings must be fitted with due consideration to the age, weight, height and ability of the participant and the manufacturer’s instructions.

d) Boots must be dry and in full working order with no significant damage that could reduce performance. All fastenings must be fully functioning.

e) Skis and boots sizes should be easily identifiable so that clients do not try to use the wrong equipment.

f) The tour operator will regularly check that these conditions are being met and be able to provide evidence of such checks upon request.




Free-flight aero sport of Paragliding/ Hang Gliding is being practiced for over three decades internationally and is the youngest element in the adventure spectrum in India. Flatland flying of Paraglide/ Hang Glider has brought the sport out of the hills to the plains. Flights of over 500 kms on Hang Glider and 345 kms on Paraglider speak of the performance levels it has reached today.

The activities are conducted or operated by Pilots/Instructors/Operators duly qualified and endorsed by recognised National or International Aerosports organisations. In India the apex body for all aero sports is Aero Club of India and is affiliated with the international sporting body, FAI.


Pilot Guides / Instructor / Tandem Pilots

a) Para glider Instructors/Tandem Pilot must be current and have a Instructor/Tandem Pilot certification from a recognised National or International body.

b) A minimum first aid course provided by a recognised and qualified provider

c) A minimum of 200 flying days AND minimum 200 hours of logged air time.


Equipment And Accessories

a) Paragliding wings must have APCUL ,DHV,CEN or any certification recognised by FAI. Such certification should be stitched on the wing and visible for inspection. Harness should be with back protection and harness must be fitted with round type certified rescue parachute.

b) Helmets are compulsory.

c) Proper log books must be maintained for all equipment.

d) Annual inspection and certification of equipment for air worthiness must be carried out by an inspector who is qualified to be an Instructor.

e) Users manual and maintenance manual shall be prepared by the manufacturer and copies of the same shall be submitted.

f) The operator shall maintain the General log-books and documents ail/airframe of Para-gliders / Hang gliders.









Hot Air Balloon works according to the natural law that hot air is lighter than cold air. To generate lift and therefore take flight, hot air balloons employ a burner that heats the air within the balloon until it becomes lighter than the external air. The difference in the temperature inside the balloon relative to the outside temperature determines the amount of lift the balloon will have. Accordingly, by controlling the internal temperature, the balloon's flight is controlled with respect to ascent and descent.

The single most defining factor of balloon Flight Safety is the weather. From take-off to landing; fog, rain, snow, wind, thermal winds etc. are all key elements to consider when attempting a safe hot air balloon flight. Before a safe balloon flight can begin, the pilot must always check the forecast and select a suitable departure and landing point. D.G.C.A. in India has formulated regulations for Hot Air Balloon in the Civil Aviation Requirements Car Section 2 – Air worthiness: Series 'F' Part Xv, Issue Ii, Dated 1st September '1993 of D.G.C.A., Min of Civil Aviation, Govt. of India and wherever any clarification needed should be read with this CAR.

13.3 There is no difference as far as the regulations are concerned between free flights and tethered flights. All the requirements of pilot qualification and equipment registration have to be met for tethered flights.


13.4 Balloons are aircraft and, as such, are regulated by the D.G.C.A.. They must meet manufacturing standards and are subject to periodic inspections, just like a commercial jetliner The Balloon need to be registered with the D.G.C.A. and its registration no. displayed on the Balloon.


Balloon pilots are certified by the D.G.C.A., in the same manner as airplane pilots. Pilots must have taken formal flight instruction, pass written and practical tests, and be re-examined periodically and hold Balloon Pilot Licenses (BPL) issued by D.G.C.A..


Hot Air Balloon Operations should be undertaken with the following considerations:-

a) Operating instructions must be furnished in a Flight Manual with each balloon.

b) Flight Manual Information and Approval. The Flight Manual must contain:

i. A description of the balloon and its technical equipment with explanatory sketches.

ii. Operating limitations, normal procedures (including rigging, inflation and deflation), emergency procedures, and other relevant information specific to the balloon’s operating characteristics and necessary for safe operation.

iii. Specification of the permissible lifting gas and

iv. Information for ground handling, transport and storage.


The following documentation is required to be maintained by the operator:


a) Details of owner and operator.

b) Document indicating the annual inspections carried out by an inspecting body.

c) List of Pilots along with copies of relevant certifications.

d) Evidence of public and other liability insurance.


a) Log book containing the daily operation sheets.

b) Accident/ incident report sheets.

c) Flight and operations log.

d) Passenger Manifest Sheets.

e) Risk assessment and management plan.

f) Emergency procedures manual.

g) Manufacturer’s product manual.

h) Current inspection report information to be provided for participants and visitors:

a) Description of the activity and safety instructions.

b) Weather, Medical and Age Limits and restrictions.

c) Information relating to personal public liability insurance of the operator.